Welsh, S. (2018). Ethics and Security Automata. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge.

Book Sections

Welsh, S. (2017). Clarifying the Language of Lethal Autonomy in Military Robots. In M. I. Aldinhas Ferreira, J. Silva Sequeira, M. O. Tokhi, E. E. Kadar, & G. S. Virk (Eds.), A World with Robots: International Conference on Robot Ethics: ICRE 2015 (pp. 171-184). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Welsh, S. (2017). Formalizing Complex Normative Decisions with Predicate Logic and Graph Databases. In M. I. Aldinhas Ferreira, J. Silva Sequeira, M. O. Tokhi, E. E. Kadar, & G. S. Virk (Eds.), A World with Robots: International Conference on Robot Ethics: ICRE 2015 (pp. 35-45). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Academic Paper

Welsh, S. (2016). Formalizing Hard Moral Choices in Artificial Intelligence. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers (Fall 2016), 43-47.

Book Reviews

Welsh, S. (2017). Luís Moniz Pereira & Ari Saptawijaya, Programming Machine Ethics. Minds and Machines, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp. 253–257.

Welsh, S. (2016) Jerry A. Fodor and Xenon W. Pylyshyn, Minds Without Meanings: An Essay in the Content of Concepts. Minds and Machines, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp. 467–471.

Articles for Military Outlets

Welsh, S. (2018). Coming Swarm: China Supports Ban on Autonomous Weapons. Jane's Intelligence Review, Vol 30, Issue 5, 36-37.

Welsh, S. (2018). Army of None: A Review. The Central Blue. Retrieved 23rd May, 2018 from

Welsh, S. (2018, 20 April). China’s Shock Call for a Ban on Autonomous Weapons. Jane's Defence Weekly.

Welsh, S. (2018). Air Operations at the Level of Boots on the Ground. The Central Blue. Retrieved 28th Mar, 2018, from

Welsh, S. (2018). Kill Switch: Autonomous Weapons Systems Raise Legal Questions. Jane's Intelligence Review, Vol 30, Issue 3, 50-53.

Welsh, S. (2017). Regulating Autonomous Weapons. The Strategist - ASPI. Retrieved 16th Nov, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2015). Lethal autonomy in UUVs. Center for International Maritime Security. Retrieved 5th Jun, 2015, from

Articles for Mainstream Media Outlets

Welsh, S. (2017). Three Ways Robots Can Save Lives in War. The Conversation. Retrieved Nov 13th, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2017). How a Second Korean War Might Be Fought. Euronews. Retrieved 25th Aug, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2017). How do you teach a driverless car to drive? World Economic Forum. Retrieved 12th Dec, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2017). Could military robots enforce safe havens in Syria? Euronews. Retrieved 18th Apr, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2017). Robots could put most humans out of work. What then? Euronews. Retrieved 4th Jan, 2017, from

Welsh, S. (2016). Are we ready for Robotopia, when robots replace the human workforce? The Conversation. Retrieved 1st Sept, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2016). World split on how to regulate ‘killer robots’. The Conversation. Retrieved 18th Apr, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2016). How robot submarines could replace the ageing Collins class? Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12th Apr, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2016). Robot subs could help replace our Collins Class fleet. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 11th Apr, 2016, from (NB: this is the same article as the previous one – Both the ABC and the SMH picked this up on creative commons redistribute from The Conversation.)

Welsh, S. (2016). We need to keep humans in the loop when robots fight wars. The Conversation. Retrieved 29th Jan, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2015). The drive towards ethical AI and responsible robots has begun. The Conversation. Retrieved 16th Dec, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2015). Deux sex machina: the ethics of robot love. The Conversation. Retrieved 25th Nov, 2015, from

Walsh, T., Dowe G., Lea, G., Galliott, J., Roberts, J., Michael, K., Korb, K., Sparrow, R., Welsh, S. (2015). Your questions answered on Artificial Intelligence. The Conversation. Retrieved 16th Nov, 2016, from

Welsh, S. (2015). AI researchers should not retreat from battlefield robots: they should engage them head-on. The Conversation. Retrieved 3rd Aug, 2015, from

Welsh, S. (2015). Killer Robots: The Future of War? CNN. Retrieved 2nd May, 2015, from